Rapid child protection needs assessment

Education and daily routines:
1. What are children doing during the day – how has this changed since the emergency?
2. What proportion of children were in school before the emergency? (pre-school,
primary, secondary)
3. Has access to school been disrupted by the emergency?
4. Which children are most affected? Why? (e.g. younger children/primary school/adolescents/children with disabilities)
Unaccompanied and separated children:
1. Are there any children in this area who have been separated from their usual caregivers since the emergency? (How many?) If yes, what are the main causes of separation?
2. Are there children who are not living with any adults (unaccompanied minors)? (How many?)
3. a) Are there persons unknown to the community who have offered to take
children away from this area promising jobs or better care (e.g. foreigners who
want to provide care for children in another country?)
b) If yes, what happened? How many (if any) girls/boys were taken and what
ages?
4. a) Are there members of the community who have taken or want to take children
away from this community?
b) If yes, who is this person and what does s/he promise? How many children have been taken away? (gender/age)
5. Are there lists of children who don’t know where their parents are, or parents who
don’t know where their children are? (Where are these lists?)
6. If there are children who are no longer with their usual caregivers, where are they living now?
7. Are there institutions/children’s homes that provide care for orphans or separated
children?
Dangers and Injuries, Physical violence and other Harmful Practices
1. What risks could lead to death or injury of children in this area?
  • Risks in the physical environment (e.g. landmines, road accidents)
  • Violence from militias/gangs/armed groups
  • Harmful physical violence/abuse
  • Harmful traditional practices (specify):
2. Where are these risks highest for children (which locations)?
3. Which age group/gender of children are most affected by these risks?
Psychosocial distress and community support mechanisms
1. Have you noticed any changes in children’s behaviour since the emergency? If yes, what have you noticed in girls and in boys? (e.g. unusual crying and screaming, more aggressive, committing crimes, more or less willing to help others, sadness, nightmares or not being able to sleep, withdrawn or isolated, wanting to join armed forces and groups, more or less willing to go to school, spending more time with friends/playing)
2. What do you think are the main causes of stress for boys and girls?
3. Have you noticed any changes in caregivers’ attitudes to their children since the
emergency? If so, what kinds of changes? (Positive/negative?)
4. What are the main sources of stress for caregivers in the community?
Access to services for vulnerable groups
1. Are there groups of children who have less access to services than others?
If yes, which groups? (Girls/boys, age-group; children living with HIV/AIDS, children living with elderly, children from poor households, children who are newly arrived, children with a disability, children living with disabled caregivers)
2. Are there children with disabilities and special needs? Are there any services for
these children?
Child Labour
1. Are there any children in this community who are involved in types of work that
are harsh and dangerous for them?
2. If yes, which types: e.g. sexual transactions, farm work, mining, factory work,
domestic labour, transporting people or goods, other
3. Do you think the number of children involved in harsh and dangerous work has
increased since the emergency?
4. Are there new types of harsh and dangerous work that have emerged since the
emergency?
Children associated with armed forces and armed groups 
1. Do you know of children working with or being used by armed groups around this
area? E.g. children with guns, operating checkpoints, cooking or cleaning for
military, etc
2. If yes, how many? (Gender, age)
3. Where do you think most recruitment happens?
Sexual violence
1. If you come across a child who has suffered from sexual violence, what would you
do?
2. Do you think the number of sexual violence incidents has increased since the
emergency?
 3. Where does sexual violence occur?
4. Who is most affected by sexual violence? Girls/boys; under or over 14s?
5. Who would a child turn to for help if they were sexually abused?
6. Is there a place where people can get help if they have been a victim of sexual
violence?
Community capacity to respond:
1. What do you think are the most important needs that should be met to ensure
that children are safe in this area?
2. Who already provides activities/support for children – do they still have capacity
now?
3. Are there people in this area who are capable of organising recreational and/or
educational activities for children?
4. What kind of skills do these people have:
(teaching, organising activities for children, supporting distressed children,
keeping children safe, working with children living with physical disabilities,
teaching children with learning difficulties, other)
5. Do you have community space available for work with children?
6. What activities would you prefer for children in this community?
What other Organisations are working on site in this sector for children:
Give the names of other NGOs / UN Departments / Governments, and the activities they
are carrying out.
Additional Information
This rapid child protection needs assessment is based on the Child Protection Rapid Assessment Toolkit and was developed for Integral Alliance

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